DFCCIL Website About us:
Need of Dedicated Freight Corridors (DFC):
The Indian Railways' Golden quadrilateral linking the four metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Howrah, and its two diagonals (Delhi-Chennai and Mumbai-Howrah) comprises of 16% of the route but carry more than 52% of the passenger traffic and 58% of revenue earning freight traffic of IR. This trunk route is highly saturated with line capacity utilization varying between 115% to 150%.
Over the year, Railways lost the share in freight traffic from 88% in 1950-51 to 26% in 2021-22. Not only this, the National highways along these corridors comprising 0.5% of the road network carried almost 40% of the road freight.
The surging domestic economy, booming infrastructure construction and growing international trade led to the conception of the Dedicated Freight Corridors along the Eastern and Western arms of Golden Quadrilateral.
Minister for Railways, made the historic announcement of creation of DFCs on the floor of the House in the Parliament while presenting the Railway Budget for 2005-06. In April 2005, the Project was discussed at the Japan-India Summit Meeting. It was included in the declaration of co-operation signed between the Hon'ble Prime Ministers of India and Japan for a feasibility study and possible funding of the dedicated rail freight corridors by Japanese Government. The feasibility study report was submitted to Ministry of Railways in October 2007. In the meanwhile, Ministry of Railways initiated action to establish a Special Purpose Vehicle for construction, operation, and maintenance of the dedicated freight corridors. This led to the establishment of Dedicated Freight Corridor Corporation of India Limited (DFCCIL), to undertake planning & development, mobilization of financial resources, construction, operation & maintenance, and business development of the dedicated freight corridors. DFCCIL was incorporated as a schedule A company under the Company’s Act 1956 on 30th October 2006.
To create a partnership with Indian Railway for retaining and expanding the market share of railways through efficient and reliable service with customer focus