Need for Dedicated Freight Corridor Project:

The Indian Railways' quadrilateral linking the four metropolitan cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Chennai and Howrah, commonly known as the Golden Quadrilateral; and its two diagonals (Delhi-Chennai and Mumbai-Howrah), adding up to a total route length of 10,122 km comprising of 16% of the route carried more than 52% of the passenger traffic and 58% of revenue earning freight traffic of IR. The existing trunk routes of Howrah-Delhi on the Eastern Corridor and Mumbai-Delhi on the Western Corridor were highly saturated, line capacity utilization varying between 115% to 150%. Railways lost the share in freight traffic from 83% in 1950-51 to 35% in 2011-12. Not only this, the National highways along these corridors comprising 0.5% of the road network carried almost 40% of the road freight.

The surging power needs requiring heavy coal movement, booming infrastructure construction and growing international trade led to the conception of the Dedicated Freight Corridors along the Eastern and Western Routes, to begin with. 
Recently, three new corridors namely East West, East Coast and North South sub corridor sanctioned for DPR preparation.



Green Initiative:

DFCCIL will decongest already saturated road network & promote shifting of freight transport to more efficient rail transport. This shift is expected to offer significant reduction of Green House Gas (GHG) emissions in transport sector in India. It is expected that DFC will save more than 450 million ton of CO2 in first 30 years of operation (Assessment based on Ernst & Young study).


April 2005 Project announced by Hon’ble Prime Minister & Hon’ble Minister for Railways.
Feb 2006 CCEA gave in-principle approval for the project based on the RITES Report.
27th Sept 2006 EDFC foundation laid by Sh.Manmohan Singh, Hon'ble Prime Minister at Ludhiana.
5th Oct 2006 WDFC foundation laid by Sh.Manmohan Singh, Hon'ble Prime Minister at Mumbai.
Oct 2006 Incorporation of DFCCIL (Shedule”A”) Government Company, as SPV.
Nov 2007 CCEA gave in-principle approval along with permission for undertaking preliminary works including land acquisition.
Feb 2008 CCEA approved Eastern & Western DFC Corridors and authorized expenditure up to Rs.28,181 crore with the direction to finalize funding arrangements.
10th Feb 2009 Inauguration of construction works of EDFC by Smt. Sonia Gandhi, Chairperson UPA & Sh. Lalu Prasad Yadav, Hon'ble Minister of Railways from Karwandiya to Ganjkhwaja.
Sept 2009 Cabinet approved JICA loan for WDFC along with STEP loan conditionalities.
Mar 2010 JICA Loan Agreement for JPY 90 billion (Rs.5100 crores) signed for Western Corridor Phase-I.
Oct 2011 Loan Agreement with World Bank for USD 975 Million (Rs.5850 crores) signed for EDFC-1 (Khurja-Bhaupur).
Jan 2013 First Civil, System & Track Contract (Bhaupur – Khurja) – EDFC worth Rs.3267.54 crores awarded.
Mar 2013 JICA Loan Agreement for WDFC Phase-II : 1st Tranche amounting JPY 136 billion (Rs.7750 crores) signed.
June 2013 Civil contract for Rewari-Palanpur section (WDFC) awarded.
Feb 2014 Concession Agreement between DFCCIL & MoR signed.
Dec 2014 Loan agreement with World Bank loan of USD 1100 million signed (EDFC-2).
June 2015 World Bank loan of USD 650 million sanctioned (EDFC-3).
June 2015 Cost estimate of Rs. 81,459 Crores approved by CCEA.
Oct 2019 Trial Run started in Khurja-Bhadan section (194 km) of EDFC.
Dec 2019 Trial Run started in Rewari-Madar section (306 km) of WDFC.
Dec 2020 Khurja - Bhaupur (351 km) section completed & inaugurated by Hon'ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi .
Jan 2021 Hon'ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi inaugurated Rewari - Madar section (306 km) of WDFC.
Mar 2021
Trial run of freight train in Madar-New Palanpur section (353 km) of WDFC was conducted on 31.03.2021.
Trial run of Electric Locomotive was conducted in Ganjkhwaja-Chirailpathu section (100 km) of EDFC on 31.03.2021.
June 2021 Hon'ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi dedicated  Madar to Palanpur (353 km) of WDFC to the nation on 18.06.2022.
Aug 2021 Trucks on Trains (ToT) service has  started from New Rewari (Haryana)  of WDFC.
Oct 2021 Madar-Palanpur (353 km) section was declared open for operation.
Dec 2021 Public Private Partnership Appraisal Committee (PPPAC) has given approval  for the First Mega Infrastructure project of Railway PPP project in Sonnagar-Gomoh section on hybrid DBFOT model.
Feb 2022 Trial run of freight train in Rooma- Sujatpur section (130 km) of EDFC was   conducted on 26.02.2022.
Mar 2022 New DDU to New Sonnagar (137 km) section and  New Rooma to New Sujatpur section (130 km) of EDFC were commissioned.
Sept 2022 Hon'ble Prime Minister Sh. Narendra Modi dedicated New Palanpur- New Mehsana including Palanpur connecting line  (75 km) of WDFC to the nation on 30.09.2022.
Oct 2022 New Kanpur to New Bhimsen including IR Bhimsen link line (28.183 km) section of EDFC was commissioned on 19.10.2022.